Marriage of Hazrat Fatima
Hazrat Fatima, the youngest daughter of the Prophet (PBUH), had now become eighteen and persons desirous of marriage with her had started sending proposal to the Prophet (PBUH).When Hazrat ‘Ali proposed, the Prophet (PBUH) asked Hazrat Fatima for her consent. Out of modesty, she kept quiet, which was taken as her consent. The Prophet (PBUH) then asked Hazrat ‘Ali what he had to offer to the bride as Mahr (marriage gift). He replied that he had nothing worthwhile to offer her. The Prophet (PBUH) inquired, “What happened to that armor (Zerah) of Hutay`a that you had got in Badr?”
Hazrat ‘Ali replied that he had it. The Prophet (PBUH) told him that that would do as Mahr. That armor was worth no more than 125 rupees. Besides it, all that the groom owned at that time was a lambskin and an old Yamani sheet of cloth. Hazrat ‘Ali presented all this to Hazrat Fatma.
Until then Hazrat ‘Ali used to live with the Prophet (PBUH) Now the newly-wed couple needed a separate house. Haritha bin N’oman Ansari owned several houses in Madinah, out of which he had already presented some to the Prophet (PBUH) When Hazrat Fatima expressed her desire to the Prophet (PBUH) to ask Haritha to give her a house, he (PBUH) declined as he had already asked him to do so in the past several times. When Haritha heard about it, he came running to the Prophet (PBUH) and submitted, “O Prophet of Allah, whatever I have is, in fact, yours. When you accept a house from me, it becomes dearer to me than the house that is left in my possession.” He eagerly vacated one of his houses and Hazrat Fatima moved to it.
The things that the Prophet (PBUH) gave to his daughter in dowry consisted of a cot (charpai) made of rope (baan), a leather cushion filled with date leaves, a leather water container (Chaagal), a leather bag for carrying water (Mushk), two grindstone sets (Chakki), and two earthen water pots.
When Hazrat Fatima moved to the new house, the Prophet (PBUH) went to her and, standing at the door, sought permission to enter. After entering, he asked for some water in a pot. He put his both hands in the pot and sprinkled water over the chest and shoulders of Hazrat ‘Ali. He then called Hazrat Fatima. Shyly, she came to him by taking short steps. He sprinkled water over her also and said, “I have given you in marriage to the best person in my family. ” (Sunan Abi Dawood, Kitabun Nikah, Dalaelun Nabuwwah lil Bayhaqui, 3: 160, Seeratun Nabi, 1: 366.)
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