How is light formed is not a puzzle now a days. Lightning is a clearly going on electrostatic discharge at some stage in which electrically charged area, each within the surroundings or with one at the ground, briefly equalize themselves, inflicting the instant launch of a mean of 1 gigajoule of energy. This discharge might also additionally produce a huge variety of electromagnetic radiation, from warmness created via way of means of the fast motion of electrons, to high-quality flashes of seen mild within the shape of black-frame radiation. Lightning reasons thunder, a legitimate from the surprise wave which develops as gases within the place of the release revel in a unexpected boom in pressure.
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Lightning takes place typically at some stage in thunderstorms in addition to different forms of active climate systems; however volcanic lightning also can arise at some stage in volcanic eruptions. The 3 essential types of lightning are outstanding via way of means of in which they arise: both inner a unmarried thundercloud, among distinctive clouds, or among a cloud and the ground.
Many different observational variations are recognized, including “warmness lightning”, which may be visible from a outstanding distance however now no longer heard; dry lightning, which could motive wooded area fires; and ball lightning, that is not often located scientifically. Humans have deified lightning for millennia. Idiomatic expressions derived from lightning, which includes the English expression “bolt from the blue”, are not unusual place throughout languages. The worry of lightning is referred to as astraphobia. Why does light strike can be understood from the phenomena of lightening?
How is lightning made? People used to make up stories to answer that question. Today, science tells us how.
You have heard of Ben Franklin. Did you know he flew a kite during a thunderstorm? He wanted to prove that lightning is a form of electricity. We know now that flying a kite in a storm is not safe. But, Ben was right. Lightning is a form of electricity. How does this “electricity” form?
What do You Need to Make Lightning?
You need cold air and warm air. When they meet, the warm air goes up. It makes thunderstorm clouds! The cold air has ice crystals. The warm air has water droplets. During the storm, the droplets and crystals bump together and move apart in the air. This rubbing makes static electrical charges in the clouds.
Just like a battery, these clouds have a “plus” end and a “minus” end. The plus, or positive, charges in the cloud are at the top. The minus, or negative, charges are at the bottom. When the charge at the bottom gets strong enough, the cloud lets out energy.
The energy goes through the air. It goes to a place that has the opposite charge. This lightning bolt of energy that is let out is called a leader stroke. It can go from the cloud to the ground. Or, a leader stroke can go from the cloud to another cloud. No one is sure why lightning bolts follow a zigzag path as they move. The main bolt or stroke will go back up to the cloud. It will make a flash of lightning. It will also heat the air. The air will spread quickly. It will make the sound we hear as thunder.
Be Safe in a Storm
Lightning is dangerous. Here are some safety rules. Stay away from open spaces. But, do not stand under a tree. The best place is inside a building.
If you are swimming, get out of the water. Get out as soon as you see a storm coming. The storm may seem far away, but lightning can travel over 20 miles!
During a thunderstorm, shut off or unplug all electrical items. Do not use the phone. Never walk in a thunderstorm carrying a metal pole. Don’t even carry an umbrella!
How will you know if a lightning strike is near you? You will feel the hair on your head or body start to stand up. If this happens, go to a safe place. Go quickly! If there is no safe place near, get as close to the ground as you can.
Scientists have learned some facts about lightning from pictures. Some lightning flashes are made up of as many as 25 or more lightning bolts (strokes). They move so fast that your eyes only see one flash!