Introduction to The Egyptian Language


The historical Egyptian language, likewise considered a part of the Afro-Asiatic languages, is the oldest native language. It is also associated with the Berber and other Semitic languages like Hebrew, Amharic, and Arabic.

It is the second oldest recognized language, after Sumerian. It was first recorded inside the ancient Kingdom of Egypt in the middle of the third millennium BC.

It became used in demotic until the 17th Century when it became Coptic. Hieroglyphs have been used to accompany the language, which was then adopted as the legit writing gadget. After the conquest of Islam in the seventh Century, Egyptian Arabic has become the national language.

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Six important chronological sections may be used to describe the transformative records and evolution of the ancient Egyptian language:


It consists of the reconstructed language from the early dynastic or overdue predynastic intervals. It includes the earliest examples of Egyptian hieroglyphic writings, which may be discovered in works of art, including Naqada II pottery vessels.

OLD EGIPTIAN (2600 – 2000 BC)

It became the reputable language for the antique kingdom and was also used in the first intermediate duration to write down the pyramid texts.

These texts are the most extensive series of literature written using this language. They have been used to display the autobiographical writings of antique Egyptians. It functions as a triplet of ideograms and phonograms in addition to determinatives to suggest plural.

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It became referred to as Classical Egyptian as it was used to create various textual writings using hieroglyphics and hieratic scripts.

These encompass coffin texts and knowledge books that guide how everyone can live a life reflecting the historic Egyptian philosophical worldview. It became used to inform stories of individuals, medical and medical texts like Edwin Smith’s papyrus, and the poetic texts of certain Egyptian gods and pharaohs.

Because the language changed so effectively, it became famous among the various public. The Egyptian dialect began to adapt to shape the conventional centre Egyptian. This language’s grammatical structure could be very much like the antique country’s.

LATE ETIAN (1300-seven hundred BC).

This language was first used in Egypt’s new kingdom, considered the golden age of Egyptian civilization. It had many religious passages, secular literature, and diverse classicisms discovered in historical and literary texts.

The differences between the main and old languages are much more than the ones among them. This is likewise an amazing instance of spoken languages.

It also skilled a tremendous increase in its graphemic inventories due to the hieroglyphic telephotography.

DEMOTIC (six hundred BC-four hundred AD)

It is the name of a historic Egyptian vocabulary from the past due and Ptolemaic duration. It turned into in use for over one thousand years. It is the northern varieties of hieratic ( Writing System), which are used within the Delta. It became divided into three stages at some point in its existence:

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It was created in Lower Egypt between 400 and 650 BC, as most texts were written at some stage in the 26th Dynasty and the following Persian duration. It was used to create administrative, legal, and industrial passages.

THE MIDDLE DEAMOTIC (four hundred-30 BC).

It became a writing level widely used for religious and literary texts. Greek became adopted by way of the country as its administrative language at the quit of 1/3 century.


The semi-reliable language texts were Greek, spiritual texts, and graffiti. You can still go to the temple of Isis on Philae all through your experience in Egypt. Unfortunately, the bulk of demotic texts has declined due to the upward thrust of Greek.


The Coptic language represents the last degree of transformation, as it’s the direct descendant of the historic Egyptian language. The Coptic alphabet may be written in Egyptian hieroglyphics or demotic scripts.

However, it changed considerably changed via the Greek alphabet. From two hundred AD to 1100AD, the language became the legitimate language of the USA.

The final recorded mention of its use became within the 17th Century. It survived to European pupils who received it from local speakers during the Renaissance. Today, the Coptic Orthodox Church uses the language as a liturgical language.

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In conclusion, the Egyptian language has a rich history spanning over 5,000 years. It has evolved over time and has left an indelible mark on the world’s linguistic landscape.

Questions & Answers:

  1. What is the Egyptian language? The Egyptian language is an ancient language that was spoken in Egypt for over 5,000 years.
  2. Is the Egyptian language still spoken today? No, the Egyptian language is not spoken as a native language today. However, it is still studied and used in scholarly and religious contexts.
  3. What writing system did the ancient Egyptians use? The ancient Egyptians used hieroglyphics, a system of writing that used pictures and symbols to represent words and ideas.
  4. What was the role of the Egyptian language in ancient Egyptian society? The Egyptian language played a vital role in ancient Egyptian society as it was the language used for communication, writing, and religious texts.
  5. How has the Egyptian language influenced other languages? The Egyptian language has influenced the development of several other languages, including Coptic, which is still used by some Christian communities in Egypt.
  6. What are some examples of famous Egyptian texts written in the Egyptian language? Some famous Egyptian texts written in the Egyptian language include the Book of the Dead, the Pyramid Texts, and the Coffin Texts.
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