After bathing and wrapping the frame in a shroud, the body must be carried to the vicinity where the Funeral Prayer is to be done. The Funeral Prayer is held in the open or in a place constructed for that purpose known as Janaza Gah. Those gift for the funeral carrier ought to set up themselves in rows at the back of the Imam.
The quantity of rows need to be extraordinary. The Imam ought to occupy a function ahead of the first row and within the center, with the frame of the deceased resting in the front of him. The role of the lifeless body ought to be such that the proper aspect of the frame need to be closer to the Ka’ba.
The Imam commences the Prayer by means of saying Allahu Akbar, i.E; Allah is the Greatest, loudly. The followers say the equal in a low tone. The Imam then recites Thanaa and Sura Fatiha silently. He then says Allahu Akbar with out raising his arms. The followers say Allahu Akbar too however in a low tone.
Then, the whole congregation recites Durood silently. After that the Imam says Allahu Akbar for the third time audibly and the unique prayers for the deceased as given below, are recited. The Imam then says Allahu Akbar for the fourth time and, turning his face toward the proper says Assalamo alaikum wa Rahmatullah, and turning his face closer to the left repeats the identical to mark the stop of the Prayer.
The fans, too, say Assalamo alaikum wa Rahmatullah, in a low tone and additionally turn their faces to the proper and left.
There isn’t any Ruku or Prostration within the Funeral Prayer. Funeral Prayer in absentia also can be supplied for a deceased man or woman, particularly for prominent human beings or in a case whilst few Muslims have supplied the unique Funeral Prayer.
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To provide a Funeral Prayer for a Muslim is compulsory for the frame of all Muslims. It is known as Fardh-i-Kifaya. Thus if just a few human beings offer the Funeral Prayer they may be deemed to have executed it on behalf of all Muslims. The relaxation of the Muslim Community is therefore absolved from the duty of performing the Funeral Prayer.
If the deceased is an person, male or woman, the following Prayer is recited:
Allahumaghfir lihayyina wa mayyitina wa shahidina wa ghaibina wa saghirina wa kabirina, wa Thakarina wa unthana. Allahumma man ahyaitahu minna fa ahyihi ‘alal Islam, wa man tawaffait-tahu minna fa tawaffahu ‘alal-Iman. Allahumma l. A. Tahrimna ajrahu wala taftinna ba’dah.
O. Allah, forgive our living ones and our deceased ones and people folks who are gift and people who are absent, and our younger ones and our vintage ones and our adult males and our women.
O Allah the ones people whom Thou grantest existence, hold them organization on Islam, and people folks whom Thou causest to die, reason them to die in the faith. Deprive us not, O Allah, of the advantages regarding the deceased and situation us no longer to trial after him. (Ibn Maja Kitabul-Janaiz, Bab-ud-Dua fis-Salati alal janazah web page 107).
The precise prayer for a deceased male child
Allahummaj’alhu lana salafan wa faratan, waj’alhu Iana ajran wa thukran,waj’alhu lana shafi’an wa mushaffa’a.
O Allah make him our forerunner, and make him, for us, a praise and a treasure, and make him for us a pleader and accept his pleading.
Particular prayer for a deceased lady child
Allahumj ‘alha lana salafan wa faratan wa dhukhran wa’ mushffa’ah.
O Allah makes her our forerunner, and makes her, for us, a reward and a treasure, and make her for us a pleader and receive her pleading.
Some things to observe about the Funeral Prayer:
- There is no Ruku or Prostration inside the Funeral Prayer.
- Funeral Prayer can also be done in absentia for a deceased individual, mainly for distinguished people or in a case when few Muslims have provided the original Funeral Prayer.
- To offer a Funeral Prayer for a Muslim is obligatory for the frame of all Muslims. It is called Fardh-i-Kifaya. Thus if only a few humans provide the Funeral Prayer they’re deemed to have finished it on behalf of all Muslims. The relaxation of the Muslim Community is therefore absolved from the duty of acting the Funeral Prayer.
- A unmarried Funeral Prayer may be done for a number of useless persons at the same time.
- If a lifeless frame is to be transported a good sized distance previous to burial, then the Funeral Prayer ought to be carried out earlier than such transportation commences.
- More than one Funeral Prayers can be done for the identical character, usually at distinct locations.
- Women may additionally be a part of within the Funeral Prayer. However, when such Prayer is performed on the graveyard, it’s far generally encouraged that girls now not accompany the burial birthday party because of their softer hearts.
- Funeral Prayer isn’t always presented for a person who took his or her own lifestyles.
The Funeral Prayer
The Pillars of the Funeral Prayer
- Standing if viable.
- Saying four takbeers.
- three- Reciting suratu al-Fatiha.
- Sending benefits upon the Prophet (may additionally the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.)
- five- Praying for the deceased.
- 6- Performing the aforementioned inside the stated series.
- 7- Saying at-Tasleem.
Click here and learn extra about a way to pray in Islam
The Sunnahs of the Funeral Prayer
- Saying “A’udhu billahi…” before recitation.
- Supplicating for himself and different Muslims.
- Reading silently.
- Making several rows in the congregation, which include 3 or more.
Description of the funeral Salat
In case the deceased is a person, the Imam stands at his head, but in case the deceased is a girl, he stands on the center element. The fans stand behind the Imam as in all prayers, then the Imam says 4 Takbeers as follows:
1- He says the primary takbeer, and this is the initiating takbeer, followed via “Al-Isti‘adha” and “Bismillahir-Rahamanir Raheem”, but he does now not say “al-Istiftah” (the invocation stated whilst beginning Salat), then he recites al-Fatihah.
2- He says the second one takbeer and then sends blessings on the Prophet in the manner defined within the final at-Tashahud.
three- He says the 1/3 takbeer, and then he prays for the deceased, himself and other Muslims. Some of the supplications consist of:
“ Allahummaghfir lahu warhamhu wa ‘aafihi wa‘af ‘anhu, wa akrim nuzulahu wa wassi’ madkhalau waghsilhu bil maa’ wathalji wal barad; wa naqqihi minal khataaya kama naqqaita-th-thawbal abyada minad- danasi. Wa abdilhu daaran khairan min daarihi, wa ahlan khairan min ahlihi, wa zawjan khairan min zawjihi, wa adkhilhul jannata, wa a‘idhu min ‘adhaabilqabri [aw min ‘adhaa bin-naar.]”
Meaning: “Oh Allah, forgive him, have mercy on him, provide him respite and pardon him. Be generous to him in his dwelling house, motive his entrance to be huge, and wash him with water, snow and albarad (ice). Cleanse him of his transgressions as you cleanse a white cloth of stains. Grant him an dwelling house higher than his homestead, a family better than his family and a wife better than his wife. Take him into Paradise and defend him from the punishment of the grave [or from the punishment of Hellfire.]”
If the deceased is a girl, he changes the pronouns inside the prayer to the female. If the deceased is a child or an aborted foetus [ A miscarried baby.], he is to say:
“Allahummaj‘alhu dhakharan liwaalidaihi, wa faratan[ faratan means forerunner.] wa ajran wa shafee‘an mujaaban. Allahumma thaqil bihi mowazeenahoma wa a’atham bihi ajorahoma wa alhiq-hu bisalihi salafi lamumineen wajalhu fi kafalati ibraheem waqihi birahmatika ‘athaba aljaheem.”
Meaning: “Oh Allah, make him a treasure for his parents, a forerunner, a motive of praise and an intercessor whose prayer is answered. Oh Allah, make this (loss) make their (the dad and mom) scales heavy, and make their reward first rate, and make him be with the righteous believers. And make him under the care of Ibraheem, and guard him, due to Your Mercy, from the punishment of the hell fire.”
4-He says the fourth takbeer and keeps mute for some time, thereafter, he says at-Tasleem only to hisright, or he says the usual tasleems.
Carrying the Deceased, Taking the Body to the Grave, and Burying Him
After the funeral Salat has ended, it is Sunnah to hasten to hold the deceased to his grave. It is suggested for the human beings following the funeral procession to participate in sporting the deceased. Also, it is endorsed for the person who locations the deceased into his grave to say “Bismillahi wa ‘ala millati rasulillahi.” [ Source: At-Tirmidhi.] Meaning:
“In the call of Allah and on the route of the Messenger of Allah.” Following that he places him in al-lahd[ To first dig the grave down straight , in firm soil, then dig a pocket in the direction of the Qiblah in order to bury the deceased in it.] with the deceased’s proper aspect down on the earth and his face towards the Qiblah. Thereafter, he loosens the fabric strips binding the shroud, and then the open Lahd is covered with clay soil.
It is suggested for those in attendance to fill both hands with sand and pour it within the grave three instances, then the grave is included up absolutely with sand. The grave is mounded to the height of 1 hand span from the earth. Stones and smaller pebbles are located on it and it is sprayed with water. There is not any trouble if, on both cease or both ends of the grave, a boulder is located so that it could function a signal.
Consoling the Family of the Deceased
It is suggested to commiserate with the circle of relatives of the deceased, because it enables to console their grieving hearts, alleviate their calamity and encourage them to be patient.
Furthermore condolences may be stated in any form that conveys this that means, e.G. “Lil-lahi maa akhath, wa lahu ma a’ata wa kullu shay’in ‘andahu bi-ajalin musamma fal-tasbir wal-tah-tasib.”
Meaning: “To Allah belongs what He takes and what He gives, and the entirety with Him is for an appointed time. So endure patiently, and expect the praise of Allah.” Or “’AthamAllahu ajrak wa ahsana ‘aza-ak wa ghufar limaytik.” Meaning: “May Allah make your praise outstanding, make it slow of grief useful and forgive your deceased.”
Visiting the Graves
It is permissible for the guys to go to graveyards with the aim of being reminded of the next lifestyles and to provide supplications for the deceased, as evidenced from the Prophet’s ﷺ announcement: “I (used to) forbid you from visiting the graves; (but now) do visit them, due to the fact this sort of go to reminds you of the Hereafter.”
Part of what has been pronounced of supplications at some point of the visitation include: “Assalaamu ‘alaekum dara qawmin mumineen, wa inna insha-Allahu bikum laahiqun.” Meaning: “Peace be unto you, O abode of the believers.. Indeed we, if Allah wills, shall honestly join you.”
Or: “Assalamu ‘ala ahlid-diyari minal mu’mineen wal muslimeen, wa yarhamullahul mustaqdimeen minnaa walmusta’khireen, wa inna insha Allahu bikum l. A. Lahiqun.” Meaning: “Peace be unto the population of this residence from the various Mu’min and the Muslims. May Allah have Mercy upon those among us who left (this global) early and people who shall go away afterwards, and certainly we, if Allah wills, shall absolutely join you (after a while).”
Or: “As’alul-laha lanaa wa lakumul‘aafiyah.” Meaning: “I ask Allah to grant us and you (a country of) nicely-being.”
It is also permissible if he (the individual visiting the graveyard) asks Allah to bless and forgive the dead people.
Prohibited Acts During Funeral Rites
1- Weeping, wailing[ Mentioning the good attributes of the deceased while crying and shouting.], showing despondency and dissatisfaction with Allah’s will and destiny.
The Prophet ﷺ stated: “If she who wails does no longer repent earlier than her demise, she can be raised at the Day of Resurrection and on her will be a garment of qatiran. [ A shirt from melted bronze.]” Muslim.
2- Ripping of garb, slapping the cheeks, screaming, and plucking the hair or shaving it.
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stated: “The person that slaps the cheeks, rips the garments or calls (to the approaches and) in the manner of the generation of ignorance, is not part of us.”
3- Lighting lanterns at the graves.
On the authority of Ibn Abbas t,, it has been said that: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ cursed girls who visited graves, those who construct mosques over graves and people who location lamps (suruj)[ Lanterns.] thereof.” At-Tirmidhi.
4- Sitting on the graves, plastering / portray it or building on it.
On the authority of Ja’bir , it has been pronounced that: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ forbade (tajsees) [ To paint.] plastering of the grave, for it to be sat upon, and for something to be built on it.”
5- Seeking advantages through invoking the grave, making circumambulation round it and invoking the deceased.
All those are kinds of shirk (affiliation of companions with Allah), if one believes that those might benefit or damage him: Because nobody benefits or harms except Allah (the Most High). He said: “Say (O Muhammad ﷺ: “I own no energy over benefit or damage to myself, besides as Allah wills.”
6- Burying corpses inside a mosque, constructing mosques on graves.
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stated: “Allah has cursed the Jews and Christians for making the graves in their Prophets as locations of worship.” Al-Bukhari.
Some Rulings Related to Funerals
1- Anyone who misses the funeral Salat may observe it over the deceased before or after the burial. This is in keeping with what turned into recorded approximately the case of the woman who used to clean the mosque. The Prophet ﷺ supplied the funeral Salat over her grave. Al-Bukhari.
2- It is suggested to prepare meals for the deceased’s family; because they (would) have been preoccupied by their calamity and for that reason be avoided from making ready their food. This is in line with a record that someone died from amongst Ja’some distance’s family, and then the Prophet ﷺ said: “Prepare food for the household of Ja’some distance, for they have been met with a depend which has preoccupied them.” Abu Dawud.
three- Crying over the deceased with out showing dissatisfaction (with Allah’s decree), with out elevating one’s voice and with out weeping, is permissible. The Prophet ﷺ said whilst his son, Ibraheem, died: “Indeed, the eye weeps, the heart is saddened, but we do no longer say something except that which our Lord is thrilled with; indeed we are sad about your dying, O Ibraheem.” Al-Bukhari.
A martyr is buried in the clothes wherein he changed into martyred, he’ll now not be bathed nor will funeral Salat be located over him. This is as it was hooked up that the Prophet ﷺ ordered that the martyrs within the war of Uhud be buried with their blood on them, and that they were now not bathed.
four- When a pilgrim dies in the course of Hajj or Umrah, he is bathed, however now not perfumed; his head isn’t always included and the funeral Salat is found over him. This is due to what changed into established regarding what the Prophet ﷺ stated with regards to the man who died at the same time as on Hajj: “Bathe him with water and sidr, shroud him in clothes and do now not perfume him nor cowl his head, for he can be raised at the Day of Resurrection announcing the talbiyah.”
Questions and Answers about A Prayer For A Funeral in Islam
Q: What is a funeral prayer in Islam? A: A funeral prayer, also known as Janazah prayer, is a specific type of prayer offered by Muslims for the deceased.
Q: What is the purpose of the funeral prayer in Islam? A: The purpose of the funeral prayer in Islam is to offer a final goodbye and seek forgiveness for the deceased, as well as to ask for blessings and mercy from Allah.
Q: How is the funeral prayer performed in Islam? A: The funeral prayer in Islam is performed in a specific way. The body of the deceased is placed in front of the congregation, and the Imam leads the prayer. The prayer consists of four takbirs (Allahu Akbar), followed by recitation of Surah Al-Fatihah and a short du’a (supplication).
Q: Who can perform the funeral prayer in Islam? A: Any Muslim who knows how to perform the prayer can lead the funeral prayer. However, it is preferred for an Imam or someone with knowledge of Islamic jurisprudence to perform the prayer.
Q: What should be recited during the funeral prayer in Islam? A: During the funeral prayer, the recitation of Surah Al-Fatihah is required, followed by a short du’a (supplication) for the deceased.
Q: Is there a specific time frame for performing the funeral prayer in Islam? A: The funeral prayer should be performed as soon as possible after the death, preferably within 24 hours.
Q: Can women attend and participate in the funeral prayer in Islam? A: Yes, women are allowed to attend and participate in the funeral prayer in Islam, although they usually stand behind the men.
Q: Can non-Muslims attend the funeral prayer in Islam? A: Yes, non-Muslims are allowed to attend the funeral prayer in Islam as a sign of respect and solidarity, although they should not participate in the prayer itself.
Q: What are some common du’as (supplications) recited during a funeral in Islam? A: Some common du’as recited during a funeral in Islam include asking Allah to forgive the deceased, grant them Jannah (Paradise), and ease the burden of their family and loved ones.