Metric System: Weight Units – Quranmualim

Weight Units – International metric system, decimal system for measures and weights that is built on the metre for length and kilogram for mass. It was introduced as a system of weights and measures in France in 1795. It is currently used in all countries

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Metric System: Weight Units – Quranmualim

Fundamentals of the Metric System

Weight Units Its simplicity in the system of metric system originates from the fact that there’s only one measurement unit in measurement (or basis unit) for each kind of measurement (length, mass and mass, etc.).

The three most popular bases units of the measurement system include gram, meter and liter. The meter is a measurement unit with a length of 3.28 feet. The Gram is a measure of mass equivalent to 0.0022 pounds (about the weight of a paperclip) while the Liter is a unit with a volume equivalent in size to 1.05 quarts.

Thus, for example, length can be measured using meters according to the metric system, regardless of whether you’re taking measurements of the length of your fingers or an entire Nile River.

=1 000 000 000 000 000 g1 gigatonne(Gt)
=1 000 000 000 000 g1 megatonne(Mt)
=1 000 000 g1 tonne(t)
=1 000 g1 kilogram(kg)
=1 g1 gram(g)
=0.001 g1 milligram(mg)
=0.000 001 g1 microgram(µg)
=0.000 000 001 g1 nanogram(ng)
=0.000 000 000 001g1 picogram(pg)
Metric units
1 US ton(ton)=0.907 tonne
1 UK ton(ton)=1.016 tonne
1 lb(pound)=453.59 g
1 oz(ounce)=28.35g

Prefixes and units used in the metric system

QuranMualim.comprefixsymbolfactor by which base unit is multipliedexample
Base units*lengthmetrem
areasquare metresquare m, or m2
are (100 square metres)a
volumecubic metrecubic m, or m3
stere (1 cubic metre)s
metric ton (1,000,000 grams)t
temperaturedegree Celsius°C
Prefixes designating multiples and submultiples*exa-E1018=1,000,000,000,000,000,000
deci-d10−1=0.1decigram (dg)
centi-, cent-c10−2=0.01centimetre (cm)
milli-m10−3=0.001millilitre (ml)
micro-, micr-μ10−6=0.000001microgram (μg)

Suggested Read:

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Metric conversions

Common equivalents and conversion factors for U.S. Customary and SI systems
approximate common equivalents
*Common term not used in SI.
Source: National Bureau of Standards Wall Chart.
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