The name of Muhammad sa, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) of Islam, is the simble is SA, which is an abbreviation for the salutation ‘may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.’The other prophet name and Messengers are followed by the symbol as, an abbreviation for ‘on whom be peace.’ we can see out clear solution, but they should nevertheless, be understood as being repeated in full in each case. The symbol ra is used with the Holy Prophet Muhammad ‘s companion name and those of the Promised Messiahas. It stands for Radiyallahu ‘anhu/‘anha/‘anhum (May Allah be pleased with him/with her/with them).
In transliterating Arabic words we have followed the following system adopted by the Royal Asiatic Society at the beginning of a word, pronounced as a,i, u preceded by a very slight aspiration, like h in the English word ‘honour’.
ث th, pronounced like th in the English word’thing’.
ح h, a guttural aspirate, stronger than h.
خ kh, pronounced like the Scotch ch in ‘loch’.
ذ dh, pronounced like the English th in ‘that’.
ص s, strongly articulated s.
ض d, the simble in the English th in ‘this’.
ط t, strongly articulated palatal t.
ظ z, strongly articulated z. PRAYERS
ع ‘, a strong guttural, the pronunciation of which must be learnt by the ear.
غ gh, a sound approached very nearly in the r ‘grasseye’ in French, and in the German r.
It requires the muscles of the throat to be in the ‘gargling’ position whilst pronouncing it.
ق q, a deep guttural k sound.
ء ’, catch in the voice.
Short vowels are represented by:
a for (like u in ‘bud’);
i for (like i in ‘bid’);
u for (like oo in ‘wood’);
Long vowels by:
a for or (like a in ‘father’);
i for ى or (like ee in ‘deep’);
u for و (like oo in ‘root’);
Other: ai for ى (like i in ‘site’)¨;
au for و (resembling ou in ‘sound’).
The consonants no longer blanketed within the above listing have the same phonetic value of the word as in the Europe’ languages principal For quotes straight commas (straight quotes) are used The consonants no longer included inside the above list have of transliteration, ‘ for ع ’ for ء. Commas as punctuation marks are used to the normal usage.
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