Blaming The Victims – Learn Islam

Victim blaming refers to retaining the victim answerable for the crime committed in opposition to them. This can take an severe form wherein the blame is shifted totally from the culprit of the crime to the sufferer.

More generally, although, there is an try to switch a number of the blame to the victim, consequently protecting them in part liable for the act. The following are a few forms of sufferer blaming which might be normally encountered.  

  • Questioning the cause of the victim;
  • Implying that the victim ought to have finished more to prevent the crime;
  • Blaming the victim for being complacent;
  • Casting aspersions upon the victim’s person;
  • Accusing the victim of tempting the culprit into committing the crime. 
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Whatever shape victim blaming takes, it has the impact of making the victim feel liable for the crime even as decreasing the responsibility of the perpetrator. It can seriously damage the victim’s morale and recognition, and create hurdles for them on the path to acquiring justice.

Islam requires taking measures to save you harassment-associated incidents such as prescribing modesty and vigilance for each ladies and men. However, Islam in no way considers a lack of warning at the a part of the victim as an excuse for any shape of harassment or crime.

It is accordingly as an alternative unlucky that victim blaming has grow to be a norm in lots of Muslim societies, and some people even try and justify their defense of the perpetrators by falsely using the name of Islam.

Let us recognize the Islamic stance on victim blaming within the light of genuine textual evidence. What follows is an evaluation of 3 incidents that passed off during the life of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and which absolutely prove Islam’s uncompromising stance towards victim blaming.   

The Harassment Incident

There become a female in Madinah who earned money with the aid of promoting dates while her husband turned into out of city. As she changed into going about her business one day, a person invited her interior his house at the pretext of supplying her better dates. Once she was indoors, but, the man forcefully kissed her.

He later regretted his conduct and went to the Prophet ﷺ to searching for expiation for his sin. The Prophet ﷺ angrily chastised him, announcing, “Is this the way you take care of a female whose husband is away striving inside the manner of Allah?” The Prophet ﷺ made the man feel in reality ashamed until he felt like he became “destined for Hell” at that second. (Reported by Tirmidhi)


What is worth noting right here isn’t simply the empathy and compassion the Prophet ﷺ expressed for the harassed lady, but additionally the truth that he did not blame her inside the slightest. A typical response could have been to probe into the woman’s reason.

“What become she doing within the residence of an unknown guy? Why did she go about knocking on strangers’ doorways within the first region? Wouldn’t or not it’s better for the girl to rent a person to sell on her behalf?” The Prophet ﷺ, but, requested none of these questions. Instead, he positioned the blame squarely on the man who must have acted decently and handled the lady with recognize. 

The Rape Incident

Rape become quite rare in early Muslim society, however there may be one recorded incident where a girl turned into raped while going to the mosque for prayer, and the attacker escaped without being seen by using her. When she cried for assist, a person become observed nearby who denied the fee however the female was assured that he became indeed the attacker. He was then added to the Prophet ﷺ for judgment.

As Islam prescribes the demise penalty for rape, the Prophet ﷺ become approximately to condemn him whilst the actual attacker spoke out and admitted to raping the female. The Prophet ﷺ spoke some excellent phrases to the harmless guy and freed him, even as the rapist become carried out. (Reported via Abu Dawud) 

There are points worth considering here. First, the Prophet ﷺ did not say whatever to shift the blame from the rapist to the lady. He neither commented on what the girl should have achieved to avoid the rape nor asked her any insensitive questions: “Why did she need to visit the mosque while girls had been allowed to wish at home?

Why didn’t she shout for assist in the course of the act? Did she placed up sufficient resistance?” It is definitely in opposition to the spirit of Islam to invite such questions. Second, the Prophet ﷺ did not hold the female chargeable for misidentifying her attacker.

He understood the country of mind she turned into in and the pain she have to have long past through. In truth, he assured the female that Allah had already forgiven her mistake. Such regard for the sufferer is not often visible even today.

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The Slander Incident

A third incident worth bringing up concerned slander towards the Prophet’s ﷺ wife, Ayesha. While getting back from a journey, Ayesha were given separated from the rest of the caravan, until a man named Safwan arrived and asked her to mount his camel even as he walked beside her. When the 2 rejoined the caravan quickly after, a few hypocritical guys accused Ayesha of infidelity, and the rumor gradually spread all through Madinah.

The Prophet ﷺ turned into significantly hurt via the malicious gossip that placed his spouse’s honor at stake. After about a month, Allah cleared Ayesha of any blame via revelation and prescribed punishment for individuals who had slandered her. (Reported by means of Bukhari)

It’s crucial to notice that the Prophet ﷺ never once blamed Ayesha for the extreme allegation towards her nor demanded any rationalization from her. He didn’t ask her any ordinary questions together with, “Why did you supply human beings a danger to talk approximately you?

Why couldn’t you stay with the rest of the caravan? Why did you journey Safwan’s camel and not watch for a bigger group to return in your useful resource?” On the contrary, the Prophet ﷺ publicly defended Ayesha even when he was unaware of what had truly transpired, pronouncing, “I understand nothing besides suitable approximately my own family…”

The verses of the Quran that ultimately exonerated Ayesha also covered no words of reproach for her. In reality, the Quran categorically states that the perpetrators of slander – in preference to the victims – are to be blamed and punished even if the victims have been incautious or inattentive to the state of affairs.

It is apparent from those 3 incidents that Islam treats the victims of harassment, slander, and similar crimes with dignity, and gives them aid in place of holding them chargeable for the act in any manner. It also accepts no excuses in prefer of the perpetrators, as the Quran states, “Indeed, people who accuse chaste, unwary, believing women, were cursed inside the world and the Hereafter, and a robust chastisement awaits them.” (Quran 24:23) Thus, Islam neither helps victim blaming nor tolerates it.

Domestic Violence and Muslim Women FAQs
  • Are Muslim women greater abused than different women?
  • If a Muslim lady is included, is she much more likely to be a sufferer of abuse?
  • What is Islam’s position concerning domestic violence?
  • Doesn’t the Qur’an educate men to beat their better halves if they are disobedient?
  • What does Islam say approximately finishing abuse?
  • Will God be irritated if I get a divorce or go away my husband if he’s abusive?
  • Is abuse a punishment for past sins?
  • Won’t God be irritated that I am now not obeying my husband?
  • After years of being insulted and abused by means of my husband, I experience repulsed by means of him. Will I be punished if I avoid intimate family members with my husband?
  • Isn’t it higher for my children to have dad and mom than to go away the abusive relationship?
  • Why does my associate abuse me? Is there something wrong with me?
  • Is this my fate?
  •  What if I can’t forgive the abuser?
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Are Muslim women more abused than different women?

Domestic violence influences girls of all cultures, religions and ethnic backgrounds. Preliminary research shows that 10% of Muslims experience or have experienced bodily violence.

If a Muslim lady is blanketed, is she much more likely to be a victim of abuse?

Covering, or sporting hijab, is not a hallmark of abuse. Rather, it’s far a way that many Muslim ladies pick to explicit the Islamic value of modesty. Most Muslim women inside the US who put on hijab do so due to the fact it’s miles their choice.

Many Muslim girls say that hijab liberates them from being objectified. However, in a few Muslim-majority international locations, governments may also pressure girls to dress in a sure manner. Forcing this get dressed code is abusive as it violates her proper to pick how she practices her religion.

What is Islam’s role regarding home violence?

Islam prohibits all types of oppression and injustice (Qur’an five: eight; 4:135; 42:forty two-43). Muslims scholars agree that Islam does not permit any form of abuse.

Doesn’t the Qur’an coach guys to beat their other halves if they are disobedient?

Verse 4:34 inside the Qur’an prescribes a step-via-step manner for husbands to cope with a wife’s conduct if she is appearing in a manner that would threaten the integrity of the circle of relatives unit (along with promiscuous conduct).

The Arabic phrase that has often been translated as “beat her” also has many different meanings, which include “leave her.” Scholars who pick out the translation of “beat” emphasize that it is symbolic and might go away no mark or harm. These pupils endorse that the husband might use the equivalent of a tissue or blade of grass to make his factor.

Abusers can also take this verse out of context and forget the multiple teachings that emphasize equity, mutual compassion and respect within the marital relationship (Qur’an four:1; 30:21; 42:38; 49:13; 65:6).

What does Islam say about ending abuse?

Islam holds its fans liable for speak me out towards injustice and doing anything is feasible to stop all forms of oppression (5:8; forty two: forty two-43). The Qur’an reminds sufferers of oppression that if they are powerless to stop the oppression, God’s earth is spacious enough for them to discover an area free of oppression (four:97).

Will God be indignant if I break up or depart my husband if he is abusive?

God hates all sorts of oppression. The Qur’an sincerely allows divorce and gives details on the simply way wherein a divorce should take region. Although Islam teaches that God dislikes divorce, he has now not prohibited it.

On the other hand, the Qur’an surely prohibits injustice and oppression. The Qur’an has provided divorce as a non violent solution (See Qur’an 2:227-242; four:19 -21; sixty five: 1-8). The Prophet Muhammad married a girl who had been divorced, reinforcing the acceptability of divorce in the Muslim community.

Is abuse a punishment for past sins?

Numerous verses in the Qur’an function reminders that God will check all people in his or her lifetime in a multitude of approaches (2: a hundred and fifty five; 3:142, 3:186; 29:2). Even the maximum righteous people will be and were examined.

 For some people, their check might also come inside the shape of an abusive partner. Rather than believing that suffering through the abuse is a way to make amends for beyond sins, someone who is being abused ought to awareness on methods to overcome the check.

Overcoming the test might include ultimate steadfast in a single’s faith, persevering with to wish, protecting oneself and one’s children from abuse, and in search of methods to cease or break out the oppression and injustice.

Won’t God be irritated that I am now not obeying my husband?

Muslims have to in no way obey everybody who is commanding a conduct this is contrary to God’s teachings. When obeying a husband involves conduct that is hurtful or destructive to oneself or others, a Muslim spouse should recollect that her number one obedience is to God.

Muslim husbands should remember that their obligation is to guide a wholesome circle of relatives unit in which all participants are striving to enforce God’s teachings, no longer to serve underneath the husband’s rule. Both husband and wife are at once responsible to God.

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After years of being insulted and abused with the aid of my husband, I sense repulsed by him. Will I be punished if I avoid intimate members of the family with my husband?

The Qur’an emphasizes the mutual rights of husband and spouse in all regions, and mainly in the sexual dating, which need to be mutually gratifying (2:187; 4:1; 30:21). A husband should contend with his spouse emotionally and bodily with a purpose to workout his proper to intimate members of the family.

If a spouse feels repulsed, it is vital to explore appropriate options and interventions to remedy the situation.

Isn’t it better for my children to have two parents than to go away the abusive courting?

Children are greatly impacted with the aid of witnessing abuse between their parents, or through growing up in a domestic where the victim may be experiencing melancholy because of the abuse.

The damage to children is long-time period and might affect their character, their capability to examine, and their destiny relationships. It is more important for children to live with a healthful parent who can be an amazing function model than to develop up in a climate of worry and tension whilst one or both dad and mom are abusive.

Why does my companion abuse me? Is there some thing wrong with me?

People are abusive for plenty one of a kind motives: they will have grown up in abusive houses and learned abusive conduct or they will trust they have got the right to manipulate others.

But the lowest line is that human beings abuse due to the fact they are able to get away with it and because it is powerful in controlling others. The person who’s abusive is the one who has a problem. An abusive man or woman will usually be capable of locate fault with others and blame others, in place of taking obligation for issues and searching for answers.

Is this my fate?

Islam teaches that everybody has been given freedom of choice and is answerable for his/her personal existence (2:256; 13:eleven ; 88-21-24). Although having an abusive partner may be a check, it does now not must be a existence sentence. Part of coping with the take a look at may also include locating approaches to quit or break out the abuse and helping your self and your youngsters are searching for safety.

What if I can’t forgive the abuser?

Forgiveness is a method that could great arise while the abuser takes responsibility and owns the abusive behavior. When the abuser seeks repentance and makes amends, it’s miles a good deal simpler to forgive. Forgiveness can take many years. In the interim, it’s miles essential to consciousness on being secure and spiritually and emotionally healthful.

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