In The Beginning Was The Word – The Quran is the holy e book which Muslims recite and turn to for steerage in all factors of their lifestyles. It is the ultimate testament in a chain of divine revelations from God. It incorporates the unaltered and direct phrases of God, revealed via the Angel Gibrael, to the final Prophet, Muhammad (pbuh)1 a few 1400 years in the past.
Islam is a continuation of the lessons of preceding Prophets, together with Noah, Abraham, David, Moses and Jesus (peace be upon all of them), a number of whom were also given divine books. Muslims accept as true with that the key message introduced by all Prophets became the equal; to accept as true with in One God and no longer to partner partners with Him, to stay away from sins and to lead a existence devoted to earning Gods satisfaction. All Prophets taught about life after dying and gave glad tidings of paradise for individuals who obey God, however warned of punishment in hell for folks who pick out to disobey Him.
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In The Beginning Was The Word – The Quran is precise because it is the best found out book that exists these days in the precise form and content in which it changed into at the beginning revealed. Furthermore, it turned into actively recorded throughout the time the religion changed into being established. The one-of-a-kind approach of the Quran is that its religious message includes sensible injunctions aimed toward the overall welfare of human beings, society and the environment wherein we live.
The Qurans message is eternal and ordinary, transcending our variations in race, colour, ethnicity and nationality. It provides guidance on every component of human life, from economics and the ethics of exchange to marriage, divorce, gender issues, inheritance and parenting. It neither condemns nor tortures the flesh nor does it overlook the soul. It does no longer humanize God, nor does it deify man. The Quran describes signs of Gods lifestyles inside the universe and the way the whole lot is carefully located in the total scheme of advent.
“Everything made so much experience.This is the beauty of the Quran; it asks you to reflect and cause….When I study the Quran similarly, it pointed out prayer, kindness and charity. I become not a Muslim but, but I felt the simplest answer for me was the Qur’an and God had sent it to me.”
Cat Stevens (Yusuf Islam), former British pop famous person.
This brochure examines two not unusual questions asked through the ones looking for to recognize the beginning and authorship of the Quran. 1) What evidence helps the Qurans claim of authenticity ,i.E., that it has no longer been interfered with? 2) Even if the Quran has been preserved, what evidence helps that it’s far the Word of God and not genuinely Muhammads (pbuh)very own writings?
Preservation of the Quran
The Quran has been preserved for over 1400 years thru parallel memorization and writings.
“We have, absolutely, sent down the Message; and We will usually Guard it (from corruption).” [Quran 15:9]
The Quran is the most effective ebook that has been memorized in its entirety by means of hundreds of thousands. The method of memorization commenced all through the Prophets (pbuh) existence and is still emphasized with the aid of Muslims, even to this day.The use of memorization in oral transmission via the generations had mitigated relatively from the start the worst perils of relying entirely on written statistics, related John Burton. [John Burton, An Introduction to the Hadith, Edinburgh University Press; 1994, p27].
Muhammad (pbuh) turned into very vigilant in retaining the whole Quran in written shape as nicely. The Prophet (pbuh) couldn’t read or write, in order soon as a part of the Quran was revealed, he referred to as upon his scribes to record the found out textual content.The Prophet (pbuh) targeted the a part of the Quran the revelation belonged to and had the partners read again what turned into written to ensure that it corresponded exactly with what was discovered.
Thus, the entire Quran turned into not only memorized by the Prophet (pbuh) and lots of his companions, however also existed in written shape at some point of his lifetime.Within a year after the Prophets (pbuh) loss of life, a manuscript of the whole Quran was assembled by way of a committee led by way of the leader scribe of the Prophet (pbuh), who accompanied stringent criteria to safeguard in opposition to any errors.
The manuscript was unanimously authorized by using the partners of the Prophet (pbuh), along with the masses that had memorized the entire Quran. Several replicates of the manuscript have been organized underneath the leadership of the 1/3 caliph and had been disbursed to the principle Muslim facilities. One such reproduction is presently on the museum in Tashkent in erstwhile (Soviet Union) and a facsimile of it, produced in 1905, is available inside the Columbia University Library (USA).
Who Wrote the Quran
In The Beginning Was The Word – Muslims accept as true with that the Quran is the Speech of God and not a e book written by Muhammad (pbuh) himself. The facts above provides proof for the protection of the Qur’an, but what shows that it turned into clearly the phrase of God?
1) Historical accounts report, and the Quran overtly proclaims, that Muhammad (pbuh) turned into unlettered.
You (O Muhammad) have been now not a reader of any Scripture earlier than it, nor did you write (one of these Scripture) with your proper hand, for then those who comply with falsehood may (have a proper) to doubt it. [Quran, 29.48]
2) The Quran was revealed at a time when the Arabs excelled in oral poetry. Poetry competitions like todays rap competitions, had been held within the market. Muhammads (pbuh) recitation stunned its listeners for its beauty in Arabic. Many converted truely through taking note of the deep acoustic rhythms, literary merit and information of the Quranic verses.
In comparison, the Arabic of 1400 years ago become restricted to words and expressions relevant to the simple existence of barren region men and it changed into not possible to express metaphysical thoughts or scientific, spiritual and philosophical principles. In fact the technological know-how of Arabic grammar become evolved after the revelation of the Quran, the use of the Quran as a foundation for devising its rules.
It is hard to find an explanation (aside from revelation) that explains how a book existed that outdated, and additionally differed so greatly from another Arabic literature. The project of the Quran to provide a bankruptcy like its personal has now not been met to this day:-
And if you are unsure concerning that which We monitor unto Our slave (Muhammad) then produce a Surah (chapter) of the like thereof, and get in touch with your witnesses except Allah in case you are sincere. [Quran, 2:23]
3) The Quran is a relatively complete ebook containing Divine truths, metaphysics, non secular beliefs and worship, prayer, law and morality. It is a e book fully describing the other lifestyles, a book of psychology, sociology, epistemology, and records, and a e book containing scientific statistics and the standards of a utopian life. A testomony to the Divine authenticity of the Quran is that this type of complete ebook, one which changed into found out over a duration of 23 years, does now not have any contradictory points.
Will they no longer then ponder at the Quran? If it have been from other than God they would have found therein plenty contradiction and incongruity. [Quran, 4.82]
In The Beginning Was The Word – four) Could Muhammad (pbuh) were a liar or had motives for inventing the Quran? The early years of Muhammads (pbuh) mission have been punctuated through persecutions and sorrow. His followers have been brutally tortured, killed and forced emigrate. His extended family was boycotted and he become stoned. His enemies even provided him wealth and kingship if he deserted his call to the perception in One God. Instead, the Prophet (pbuh) lived a completely austere life and by no means pursued any worldly profits like reputation, electricity or wealth.
Furthermore, the life of Muhammad (pbuh) changed into a sensible embodiment of the Divine message and a look at of his life (through the Hadith2) presents an appreciation of this truth. Even before he acquired the Prophethood, he turned into recognised in his society as Al-Ameen (The Trustworthy) and As-Sadiq (The Truthful). Both Muslim and non-Muslim students attest to his honesty and integrity three .
5) The Quran mentions things that had been not regarded on the time. How can the lifestyles of these verses be explained? The Quran has clinical descriptions handiest these days located via modern-day technology and that could not had been recognised 1400 years ago.
Man We did create from a quintessence (of clay); then we positioned him (as a drop of) sperm in a place of relaxation, firmly fixed; then We made the sperm into a clot of congealed blood; then of than clot We made a (foetus) lump; then We constituted of that lump bones and clothed the bones with flesh;then We evolved out of it some other creature.So blessed be Allah,The Best to Create [Quran, 23:12-14).
Professor Keith Moore, a distinguished scientist of anatomy and embryology (University of Toronto, Canada) commented: It has been a excellent delight for me to help clarify statements inside the Quran about human improvement. It is apparent to me that those statements ought to have come to Muhammad (pbuh) from God, or ‘Allah’, due to the fact almost all of this expertise become now not observed till many centuries later. This proves to me that Muhammad (pbuh) must were a Messenger of Allah.
The Quran describes the growth of the universe:
In The Beginning Was The Word – And it’s miles we who have built the univrse with (Our creative) electricity; and verily, it’s miles We who’re regularly expanding it. [Quran, 51:47].
It turned into no longer till 1925, whilst Edwin Hubble furnished evidence of receding galaxies, that the increasing universe came to be established as a systematic reality.
Professor Alfred Kroner, a international-famous geologist, explained: Thinking approximately a lot of these questions and questioning wherein Muhammad (pbuh) came from, he became after all a bedouin. I suppose it’s miles almost not possible that he may want to have recognized approximately things like the common origin of the universe, because scientists have most effective located out inside the previous couple of years with very complicated and superior technological strategies that that is the case.
The Quran describes geographical concepts that were validated after its revelation. For example, it become the commonplace dogma 1400 years ago that the earth became flat, but the Quran defined it as a sphere, compressed at each stop (like an ostrich egg):
And the earth moreover, He has made egg shaped4 [Quran 79:30].
In 1597, while Sir Francis Drake sailed round the arena, the earth have become recognised to be a sphere.
What can give an explanation for the foundation of the Quran?
The existence and individual of the Prophet (pbuh) , the intensity of the Quranic message, its appeal and relevance to each the non secular and the mundane, all testify to the Divine foundation of the Quran. These factors compel us to confess our incapacity to provide an evidence that is based completely upon cloth causes. In a global starved of love and compassion, the Qurans everyday message is the right antidote to the collective despair of the human circumstance.
- Pbuh stands for peace be upon him an invocation of admire
- Hadith, the gathering of recorded pronouncing and movements of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)
- See 877-Why Islam brochure titled What they say approximately Muhammad (pbuh).
- The Arabic word for egg here is dahaahaa, that means ostrich egg