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Significance Of ‘Ilm Al-Tajwid
llm al-Tajweed is significant in effecting recitation of the Qur’an as it was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.).It is a comprehensive knowledge in theory and excise . Thus it could be compared with any of the contemporary science. For instance in the formula of addition in mathematics 1+1 =2 Wherever you are the answer is always 2, it will never be 3 or 5.
Meanwhile in the book of Tajweed Izhär Idgham and Iqlab on combinations of letters of the Qur‟ãn are the same anywhere. The Prophet (P.B.U.H) was reported to have said in a Hadith that “he is not one of us, he who does not recite the Qur’an in a pleasant tone”)2Recitation of the Qur‟an in a flawless voice must be possible by applying of the Tajweed rule..
There are veracious techniques which promise multiple rewards for recitation of the Qur’an. Among such Ahadih are. “Whoever read a letter (Hart) of the Qur’an (the Book of Allah) he has 10 rewards”. “Whoever is busy in the recitation of the Qur‟an, understands its meanings and teaches its sciences, he is best among than ” “the best person of you is he who learns the Qur’an and educates the peoples.” Knowledge of al-Tajweed is necessary in order to safeguard a reciter of the Qur’an from committing mistakes.
Such errors could in same cases commensurate to changing the implications of Qur‟anic sections and / or committing a sin instead of getting rewards from Allah (S.W.T)‟ Basic Components Of ‘Ilm Al-Tajwid. As a discipline in „Ulum al-Qira‟ahthe central parts of worry in „Jim ai-Tajwid are right way to express Arabic letters in the Qur’an and the correct length. Origins of pronunciation of Arabic letters (Makharij a1-Khuruf).
There are differences of opinion among scholars on the number of origins of „etters. Imãm Al-Jazri, Khalil lbn Ahinad .some scholars maintained that there are seventeen (17) origins of pronunciation while other scholars like Imãm al-Shatibiy maintained that there are sixteen (16) origins Quran, Al-Jarmi and Ibn Ziyad on the other hand state only fourteen (14) origins. The first view that stated 17 is the most popular and accepted opinion.‟ These are the places of origin of pronunciation of all Arabic letters. On this opinion Imãm AI-Jazri stated in his book the Muqaddimah that:“
The places of articulation of letters are 17 — and whoever has obtained knowledge would select such a number”. There are five (5) places that are organs of speech in the human body from where all the seventeen places of articulation of letters emerged.
These are: The Importance Of Tajweed In The Recitation Of The Glorious Qur’an: Emphasizing Its …. a) The throat – (Al-Halq) b) The tongue – (Al-lisan) c) The two lips – (Al-shafatayn) d) The nostril — (nose) – (Al-Khaishu) e) The chest or thoracic cavity – (Al-Jawfa) Each of these places has one or more other places of origin.
For instance al-jawf has only one origin where the letters of prolongation (maddah) which are Alif, wäwand Yä‟ (.s , ) are pronounced. On the other hand the throat (halq) has 3 origins which are the upper, middle and lower portions from where different letters such as Ha „u, Alif and Jim ( ) are pronounced. 2- The forms of pronunciation of letters St-a1-KhiiruJ), this means the quality or description of how to pronounce Arabic letters from their origins.
There are two groups of forms of pronunciation of letters. The first group which are independent without opposites. These include whistling (Al-Safir)1 Shaking the voice (Qalqalah), easiness (Al-liyn), tilting (Al-inhiraf), light pronunciation (Al-tarqiq), spreading (A l-tafasshi) and prolongation (Al-Istitalah,)
The resulting gathering has reverse disciples: Form opposite Lowering the voice Outward enunciation („Al-Hams,) (Al-Jahr,) Emphasis in pronunciation Softening of pronunciation (Al- Shiddah) (Al- Rikhawali,) Raising the tongue Lowering the tongue (Al- Isti „la) (Al-Istidl,). The subsequent gathering has inverse adherents: Form inverse Lowering the voice Outward articulation („Al-Hams,) (Al-Jahr,) 3- Signs and styles to be observed while reciting the. How to start recitation the Holy Quran where a waqf (pause) is either preferred, necessary or compulsory.
Where to make a full-stop, where there should be no full-stop and where it is preferable to make it. Also how to carry on with the recitation in a such situation where the reciter stops for taking a breath at a place where there should be no pause or pull-stop.use this sign in the end of a verse) or where to make prostration of recitation. 4- General guidelines which are relevant in all methods of recitations:
For example, Al-Izhãr, Jdghrn, Iqlãb hushing (Ikhfä,) , and prolongation (A l-.Maddah,). 5-. Specific rules on some letters and sign. These include :(a)Rules on the letter “M” with sukün (Mini-al -Sãkinah) ( ) (b Rules on the letter “N” with sukQn (Nün-al-Sãkinah) (c) These letters have double sign,letter “N” and the letter “M” (Nun and M ifl I cii- MusiiczldudciIi) (d) Rules on the definate article “Al” (Al -al-Mu „rifah) (J‟) The sun letter “U‟ (Al-al-Shamsifyah) (J) ‘L the letter is the moon letter’ (Al- at- Qainariyvah) (j.) (e) The sun letter “U‟ (Al-al-Shamsifyah) (J)
The moon letter “L” (Al- at- Qainariyvah) (j.J) (e) Rules on the letter “Lam” which is in a verb (lam — al-Fi „ii and Lam combined with aflf (Lain Alij. (f) Rules on the letter “a”which couldn’t remain individually (Al-hainzah a?- Wasl) and the “a” which could remain on it claim (Al-Hamzah — al-Qat‟i).
These are likewise called reliant and autonomous Han‟zzah: (g) Rules on the vowel sign (o) Al — Sukün. (h) Rules on the leller “h” for alliance (Ha‟ al Kinãyah) (for example ) (I) Two comparable letters (Mithlain), neighboring letters (Mutaqarribain), inaccessible letters (Mutajãnisain) and far away letters Independent (Al — Maqtu,,), and ward (Al-Mawsuel,): Letters. (k) (Al-.Hadhãf) and (Al – Ithbat). Rules on the letter “R” (Rä)
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