Draft of the Peace Treaty
The Quraysh sent Suhayl bin ‘Amr as their emissary to the Prophet (PBUH). He was a great orator and had won the title of Khateebe Quraysh (Zarqani, 2: 223 )(Orator of the Quraysh). The Quraysh gave him the guideline that a peace talk was possible only if the Prophet (PBUH) returned to Makkah that year without insisting on performing the ‘Umrah.
Suhayl met the Prophet (PBUH) and discussed the terms and conditions of the Peace Traety for quite a long time. At last, both parties reached an agreement on some points. The Prophet (PBUH) asked Hazrat ‘Ali to write down the draft of the treaty. He wrote at the beginning of the draft Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem
- (In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful).
- As the Arabs used to write on such occasions
Bismika Allahumma not the words that Hazrat ‘Ali had written, Suhayl said that the words used traditionally should be written. The Prophet (PBUH) agreed. The next sentence was, “This is a treaty that Muhammad, the Prophet (PBUH) of Allah, approved.” Suhayl objected to the words “the Prophet (PBUH) of Allah” and said, “If we had accepted you as Prophet of Allah, what was the point of disagreement? Only yours and your father’s name should be written here.” The Prophet (PBUH) replied, “Although you deny, by God I am His prophet.” He then asked Hazrat ‘Ali to write only his name in the draft. Who could have been more obedient to the Prophet (PBUH) than ‘Ali? But out of respect for the Prophet (PBUH) and conviction of the truthfulness of his mission, he declined to erase the words, “the Prophet (PBUH) of Allah” from the draft. The Prophet (PBUH) asked him to show the place where the words in question were written and he himself erased them.
The terms of the Treaty were as follows:
- The Muslims will go back that year.
- They will come to Makkah to perform ‘Umrah next year and return after three days of stay.
- When they come next year, they will not be wearing arms. They could bring only their swords, which should be properly sheathed, and even a sheathed sword should be in a Jalbaan (a sack or the like).
- They will not take with them any Muslim living in Makkah, and will not oppose if a Muslim who comes with them wants to stay in Makkah.
- If a disbeliever or a Muslim escapes to Madinah, he will be returned to the disbelievers. But if a Muslim runs away to Makkah, he will not be returned to the Muslims.
- The Arab tribes will be free to enter into a treaty with any of the two parties they like. (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Kitabush Shuroot, Bab Al-Shuroot fil Jihad, Sahih Muslims, Kitabul Jihad was Siyar, Bab Sulh Hudaybiya.)
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