Rules of Fasting in Ramadan: Navigating the Sacred Guidelines

Rules of Fasting in Ramadan: This holy month known as Ramadan is here, alhamdulillah! We’ve written a piece that provides the most important guidelines to fast. What exactly is fasting? Who is required to observe a fast during Ramadan or doesn’t? the fast breaking point and will not cause us in breaking the fast! Note that this article is based on the Hanafi Madhab.

What is the significance of the practice of fasting in Islam?

Fasting is the practice of abstaining from food, alcohol and all marriage-related relationships between dawn and sunset, with the intention of getting close the hand of Allah (swt) during prayer’ as described in the words of Shaykh Haroon Hanif.

The above definition refers to the intention of drawing closer to Allah and the presence of Allah. This is the thing that differentiates the religious fast from eating a diet or intermittent fasting. What do you mean by planning to take action?

An intention is the belief you feel within your soul to act. The intention doesn’t need to be expressed verbally, but it is preferred.

In actuality, it’s nearly impossible to to not being considering fasting at Hanafi’s college. A great way to understand what an intention is to look at this scenario: If someone asks you “What are you doing?” If your answer is “Fasting,” then it is evident that you have chosen to speed up and are doing it!

The fasting must be done separately for each of the days in Ramadan. The intention may be stated at any time, beginning with the Maghrib prayer that you performed the previous night, and continue until when it is the “Islamic Midday”. The Islamic midday is the period between the time of the Fajr prayer and the commencement of the Maghrib prayer. For instance, if Fajr starts at 5 am and Maghrib commences at 5 PM. The Islamic Midday hours is 11 AM.

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who is obliged to observe fasting in Ramadan?

All adults and Muslims in good health are obliged to fast during Ramadan. According to an Islamic viewpoint, the term “adult” can be defined by:

  • Islam is a religion that is based on The Fitrah (the natural and primitive method) meaning that an individual becomes adult when they begin puberty.
  • A male child becomes an adult when capable of experiencing a dream which is wet, or Ejaculation.
  • The girl is considered adult when she experiences unwelcome dreams or the first time she’s had menstrual flow.
  • If none of the above has been recorded for males or female prior to the 15th lunar year the person will be deemed to be adults and will be required to be on a fast.
Is there a group of Muslims who are not subject to the fasting practices in Ramadan?

Followers of Muslims don’t have any obligation to observe a fast during Ramadan.

A sick person:

If a person is ill in a manner that could seriously affect their health should not do a fast. This can be determined through obvious indicators, or the advice of a licensed Muslim doctor or from prior information.


A traveler intends to visit an area that is greater than 48 miles. Travelers must also be prepared to stay for more than 15 days, or the person is considered as an occupier. It is essential to know that a traveler is not exempt from the obligation to fast during Ramadan when they begin their travel prior to when the date when Fajr starts. If someone starts to fast throughout the month Ramadan and then moves to another location then the person has to keep the fast for the duration of the month.

A frail, old person:

This is a person who is not able to fast as it can cause illness or a negative impact on their health, similar to the ones mentioned previously (see our section on health-related people). If sick people usually, they’ll be capable of re-doing missing fasts in the future but an older person is usually unable due to their diminished state of health that occurs with the passage of time. So, they’ll need to provide Fidyah in lieu of missed fasts. According to Muslim Hands, this should be about PS7 per missed fast.

A pregnant or breastfeeding woman:

The norm for expectant mothers is to observe fasting throughout Ramadan. However, if there’s a real threat to the health of the mother and/or the child who is yet to be born the mother and child are not required to observe a fast. The dangers of fasting could be evaluated by a qualified Muslim physician, based on the presence of evidence or previous experience.

If a child is solely breastfed, the mother is exempt from fasting. If she is not, the mother is urged to fast as long as she’s able so long as it doesn’t affect the milk she feeds her child. In other words, a mother may be able of fasting for a few days but may be required to skip the day in case she feels the milk she’s feeding her baby is beginning to dry up. This is due to the fact that, as always the decision of whether or not to fast is made by the indicators visible as well as past experiences.

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A woman experiencing bleeding from her menstrual cycle (post-natal or menstrual bleeding)

It is forbidden to fast during menstrual cycle.

  • If a woman’s cycle of menstruation starts at the beginning of Ramadan in the evening (i.e. anytime from the time of the Maghrib prayer until the start in the Fajr prayer) She isn’t allowed to observe a fast on the following day. Women are not allowed to fast during the period that you are having menstrual cycles.
  • If a woman starts her period during midday, then her fast for that day will not be observed. She’ll have to complete her fast later. Additionally, she must be on a fast when menstruating.
  • If a woman’s cycle is over at the night (i.e. the beginning of Maghrib to the start of Fajr) she’s obligatory to take Ghusl (a ceremony bath) and fast for the next day.
  • If a woman’s period is complete during this period, she is required to take Ghusl (a traditional bath) and, the entire day, adhere to a strict fasting schedule until Maghrib (i.e. you shouldn’t eat or drink outside of the strict rules of conduct during Ramadan month). Ramadan month). Ramadan). However, this isn’t normal fasting for her. She would need to keep her fast throughout the whole day, as well as for the days she was having menstrual cycles.

Furthermore it is essential to remember that the same rules also apply for mothers that have had babies and are experiencing bleeding post-natally. Post-natal bleeding may last up to 40 days, and the mother is not permitted to fast for the entire period. If the bleeding continues for longer than forty days is a sign the presence of something unnatural and she would be restricted from fasting unless it is proven to be detrimental to her health. In this instance, she would be exempted from fasting since she is a disease-prone individual.

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Which is the root of your speed? What can we do if the speed is down?

There are two types of broken fasts, as well as two ways of making them up the broken fast:

One Qada (making an outrage over the fast that is missing) and Kaffarah (expiation)

Both Qada and Kaffarah. Kaffarah are required for these scenarios:

  • A fast observed during Ramadan was broken.
  • The person who began the fast, but ended it with no reason at all.

The Kaffarah required would be to go on a fast for sixty consecutive days. And in the event that this isn’t feasible, provide food to sixty hungry people.

2.Qada (making more up for the slowdown in speed) by itself

This is mandatory if you:

  • If you accidentally broke your fast, it could be the scenario If you knew you were fasting, however accidentally broke it
  • The next morning I had breakfast (sahur) and did not realize I was unaware that Fajr was already in the kitchen eating dinner. I also had an early dinner (iftar) and did not realize that the sun had not yet set.
  • Consumed something that isn’t food i.e. you accidentally consumed something that isn’t food.
  • A person who inhaled something through the nose Inhaled something by the nose, unless it was done in a manner that was impossible to avoid.
  • Eardrops are used to make earbuds.

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What’s breaking the fast you’re on during Ramadan?
  • Breaking the fast and not thinking about it
  • Consuming anything other than the chickpea
  • Involuntary vomiting less than a mouthful
  • A dream I am experiencing
  • The delay in completing the ritual bath
  • Inhaling harmful particles from air
  • Bleeding
  • Injecting the body
The most hated (makruh) by people who are fast?
  • Chewing or trying something, such as toothpaste
  • Kissing or sexual contact with their spouses if they are afraid that they will be sexually appealing
What is the most effective thing to do when you are fasting?
  • Consume breakfast before sunrise (sahur) to provide you with the energy required for your fast.
  • The fast should be broken as quick as you can, with some sweets, dates or even water
What is an appropriate option to perform while you fast?
  • Dentists can use their tooth sticks (miswak) at any time throughout the day
  • Rinsing the mouth and nose
  • Showering
  • Applying scent

Muslim Hands is an award-winning charity founded at the time of its founding in 1993. It was founded with the goal of assisting those who require emergency aid and addressing the primary causes of the plight of people in poverty. 

This Ramadan is an ideal time to help you in the calculation of your Zakat and also send iftar across all over the world, to help sponsor an orphan, and even create a well that is your own for water. For more ways to support the Ummah visit our Appeals page or call us via +923017363500

Categories: PRAYER (Salat), ALMS (Zakat), SAWN (Fasting) HAJJ (Pilgrimage) & DUA (Supplications), Hadith and Tafseer, The Holy Quran, Quran Jaz 1- 114

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