Criminology definition, history and background –In this Lesson we will learn about Criminology Books Free Download Criminology is the research of crime and behaviorthat is based on the sociology’s principles as well as other fields outside of law, like statistics, economics, psychology and anthrology.
Criminologists study a range of areas such as:
- The characteristics of those who commit criminal acts
- The reasons that criminals commit crimes
- Criminality’s effects on individuals and their communities
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The origins of Criminology
The origins of the field of criminology are traced back to a movement that sought to change the legal and criminal systems over 200 years in the past. The first gathering and use of data on crimes in the 18th century set the foundation for future generations of ever-more sophisticated methods and tools that led to the modern usage of descriptive statistical data such as case studies, typologies and predictive analytics.
An approach that is multidisciplinary to the field of criminology
When conducting their research the criminologists take a wide range of views on the causes and effects of crime. It is a multidisciplinary approach to criminology acknowledges that there is no one answer for the reason why people commit crimes. JRank recognizes that attempts to curb the bad behavior of people date way back to the time of the first civilizations.
Nowadays, the factors could be psychological, biological economic, social, or. Criminals are driven by anger, greed and jealousy, pride as well as other emotions. They are seeking material gains They want control, revenge or the power to rule.
Possible motives or causes for criminality could be:
- Parental relationships
- Brain activity and hereditary factors
- Peer influence
- Alcohol and drugs
- An easy chance